Naturalmente Capalbio

Capalbio is on top of a hill, protected  all around by thick and vibrant  woodland and shades of green,  sloping down to even more gentle  hills, through a plane that changes  colour every season, towards the  lake of Burano, to reach the sea. 

Landscape

This is a land where humans,  more than in other places, have  managed to live in harmony with  the environment, safeguarding the  ecosystem where flora and wildlife  fauna flourish undisturbed, for the  enjoyment of any observer, giving  unforgettable moments. 

In only a few kilometres, leaving  the sea behind, moving towards the  interior, we find different habitats:  sandy dunes covered by the typical  vegetation of the Tyrrhenian region,  holm groves, oaks, orniello mixed  to maple and farnetto, the latter a  typical oak from southern Italy that  finds in Capalbio its northern limit of  propagation. 

Skirting the woodland, from March  to May, when many varieties of  orchids are in bloom, it won’t be  difficult to hear the  jays singing, although  actually seeing them is  a different matter… or perhaps the  great green woodpecker that marks  its territory drumming on old trunks. 

More rare are birds of prey, that can  be watched in all their stateliness  while they take advantage of the  updrafts.  The skies of Capalbio is full of  buzzards with their characteristic  whistling, sparrow hawks, kestrels,  goshawks, while this is also the  season for butterflies. 

Wild boar

The undisputed king of this land,  that jointly with the Buttero is the  symbol of the Tuscan Maremma thus  representing the close relationship  man-nature, is the wild boar, that  lives in the thick undergrowth  of the woods.

Next to it, the last  surviving wild cats, the now rare  porcupines, the badgers, as well  as hares, weasels, beech martens,  hedgehogs, partridges, martens,  foxes, roe and fallow deer. 

Different is the wet environment  such as the small lake of San  Floriano and lake Acquato  (recognised as Siti di Importanza  Comunitaria, or S.I.C., where the  Nutria of south American origins can  be found, perfectly adapted to the  Maremman habitat, after some of  them escaped from local breeders,  thus gradually replacing the otter,  now nearly extinct.

Looking down  towards the countryside from the  walls of Capalbio, or the top of any  of the low hills that surround it,  like Tricosto, from where the eye  can span 360°, the charm of it all  becomes apparent owing to the  wise intervention of farmers.

It’s  like a harmonious patchwork, with  straight rows of vines, different  colours and shades resulting from  different kinds of crops, the dark  tones of recently plowed fields,  olive trees dotted all over, like fluffy  decorations. 

Every environment has its own  fauna, and here, in the cultivated  areas of Maremma, lives the  imposing Maremman ox, with long  horns and a grey and whitish mantle,  the swaying flocks  of sheep that move  around in search of  shade and fresh grass,  the Maremman horse,  of small stature but very strong and  lively.  

 

The Burano Lake Oasis

The Burano Lake Oasis was born in 1966 in Capalbio as the first Italian WWF Oasis and later, in 1980 became the State Natural Reserve of Lake Burano. Its surface of around 600 Ha embraces the Beach and the Lake which was formerly connected to the sea by an artificial channel.

The Burranaccio Tower – la Torre di Burranaccio is located in the strip of land between the Sea and the Lake. It is a fortification tower, high about 8 meters, built in the middle of 16th century with massive appearance and architectural typology recalling the Fortress of Porto Santo Stefano.

It was used mainly for sighting and signaling any upcoming danger. A smoke during the day or a fire during the night allowed to alert both, the garrisons on the coast and those residing inside the Rocca Aldobrandesca of Capalbio.

The Burano Lake Oasis

The Reserve counts several species of resident and migratory birds as well as waterfowl that stop for short periods (mallard, shovel, hawks, blackcaps, robins etc.), it is an important wintering place.

What is more its Mediterranean Scrub is the host to mammals (fallow deers, porcupines, badgers, wild rabbits, foxes, wild boars, polecats and hedgehogs), insects, land and marsh tortoises, as well as to a spectacular and noteworthy flora.

The park offers: nature trails – adapted also for the disabled, observatories and watch towers, photographic huts, butterfly garden, wildlife area of the ferruginous duck, guesthouse with kitchen use, visitor center with screening room also in 3D

Points of interest: lake, butterfly garden, flora, fauna, birdwatching

Visits to the Reserve are organized by the WWF.

It remains open from September to April, on Sundays only. Visiting hours are from 10.00 to 14.30 (15.00 DST).

Groups and scholar groups can visit every day by reservation.
Summer visits by appointment.

Free entry for associates.

Oasis of the WWF. Tel. 0564 898829 - This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Capalbio in Maremma

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